The nonsense and risks of creating so-called 'bitseats' in horses.

What
'Bitseats' refers to the shortening and rounding of first molars. This can range from merely removing the normal relief on the chewing surface of the molar to, in most cases, removing a portion of the molar from the mucosa to the chewing surface.

Why
The idea behind the creation of these bitseats stems from the conviction that this can avoid riding problems and leads to a better acceptance of the bit. By creating a 'seat for the bit' the horse would become more responsive to the bit. However, all this is highly subjective and there is no scientific basis for these practices. Given the risks, the basic medical principle of 'first do not harm' should prevail.

Risks
The biggest risk with drastic bitseat creation includes damage to the interior of the tooth. The blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue cells that are inside the tooth are shielded by a layer of toothbone (dentin). When this layer is removed, these sensitive structures are exposed to the outside world. This can lead to hypersensitivity and pain. In addition, the damage can be severe enough that the tissue dies off completely or partially.

Also, the heat produced by vigorous floating on a tooth is capable of creating thermal damage. This is why our own dentist always uses water-cooled equipment in the mouth. Surprisingly, this is far from standard in equine medicine.


Case report: 

Mare - thoroughbred - 5.5 years old.

Diagnosis:
Clinical examination: The horse has a body condition score of 0 (where 0 is the target, -2 anorexic and +2 obese). No nasal discharge present at this time.

Oral examination: An oroscopy (camera) was performed on the horse. The following findings are of interest:
Post-normal occlusion pattern.
Mucosal lesions at the level of 110/111 + 210/211
Bit/bridle - associated lesions at the level of first molars (severe "bit-seats")
306 and 406: pulp exposure both teeth (pulp 6) + changes other pulps + fistula mesio-lingual side of 406 + fistula mesio-buccal side 306.
Increased mobility of 306 and 406.

Radiological examination: An X-ray examination was performed on the horse. Following findings are of interest:
Changes of mesial apex of teeth 306 and 406.
No signs of fluid lines / sinusitis.

Treatment:
The horse is sedated and given injectable anti-inflammatories and antibiotics.

During the treatment, 3 teeth (209, 306 and 406) extracted from the oral cavity. This is the least invasive technique to remove a tooth and therefore has the fewest complications.

Oral extractions are performed on the standing horse after sedation and local anesthesia. Therefore, the procedure is done as painlessly as possible.
The gums were loosened around the tooth, after which the periodontal ligament was stretched with spreaders of varying thickness.
Using various forceps and levers, the tooth was rotated around its axis, gradually allowing greater and greater movement.
After the placement of a fulcrum (lever), in addition to the purely rotational movements, a vertical traction was exerted on the tooth, finally allowing the tooth to be lifted out of the alveole.
The alveole was rinsed and cured and checked for retained fragments.

Coe Pack (periodontal dressing) was used to temporarily seal the alveole to prevent food impaction.



27 January 2022

The nonsense and risks of creating so-called 'bitseats' in horses.

1 June 2022

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

1 May 2022

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

1 March 2022

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

31 January 2022

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

World Animal Day & The race to the bottom

About the use of unhealthy breeding mares in the equine reproduction.

4 October 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Booklet: common bit and bridle related lesions in horses - bitfitting

New creation: an A4 booklet on the most common injuries related to bits and bridles and a lot of advice on correct bit-fitting.

20 September 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Bit- and bridle-related injuries in the ridden horse - Part 2

The first part of this article was an overview of the normal anatomy and the most common 'bit-related injuries' in our horses. In addition to a good inspection of the oral cavity and diagnosis of these typical injuries, it is of course essential to be able to give the owner well-founded advice.

30 June 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Bit- and bridle-related injuries in the ridden horse - Part 1

Bit- and bridle-related injuries (further abbreviated as "bit injuries") in our horses are common findings during routine dental checkups.

31 May 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Tooth extraction in horses in 2021

Molar extractions 20 years ago were done almost exclusively under general anesthesia and via an (external) surgical approach. In 2021, this is still only necessary in very exceptional cases. As a result, the risk of complications has been drastically decreased (Caramello et al. 2020).

30 April 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

External trauma as a cause of equine dental developmental disorder

This case illustrates how a traumatic impact to the head of a young horse can lead to complex dental pathology. Horses in general - and young horses in group housing in particular - can easily injure themselves or each other. The impact of these traumas ranges from harmless to fatal

31 March 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Extraction of a broken hook tooth

When a canine tooth is removed, a mucoperiostal flap is usually created, after which a portion of the surrounding alveolar bone is removed. When the tooth has been prepared free and sufficiently mobilized, it can be removed.

28 February 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Developmental Disorders in Equine Dentition

Wouter Demey will be giving a lecture about Developmental Disorder in Equine Dentition, this 4th of June 2021 during the (virtual) 29th European Congress of Veterinary Dentistry - European Veterinary Dental Forum.

2 June 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

An elevator for the smallest horses at Equide!

Equide recently developed and had an elevator custom built to comfortably and safely treat the smallest of your ponies!

9 May 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

POSTER: Common bit and bridle related lesions in horses

Equide, in partnership with Vetrident (Dierenarts Stijn Teysen) and supported by the NCED , has recently published a poster (size A0) listing common bit and bridle related injuries.

25 April 2021

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Peripheral Caries

Peripheral caries are described as the loss of the cementum that forms the outer layer of a horse's teeth.

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Back to (less ab-)normal - Update Covid-19

Gelet op de exit-strategie van de overheid om de corona-maatregelen af te bouwen maakt ook Equide zich op om opnieuw een versnelling hoger te schakelen. Equide bleef deze hele periode beschikbaar voor spoedgevallen in onze eigen kliniek en in de partnerklinieken in Bel...

26 April 2020

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Corona (COVID-19) - Taking Responsibilties NOW

Due to the fast evolving pandemic caused by the new Corona virus and the associated disease (COVID-19) Equide has taken some important decisions:

1 March 2020

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Vetlife - ourlivesmattertoo - vetsforvets

Today I would like to mention a major issue in our profession; suicide. Not because I like to complain but because I'm seriously worried for my profession, my colleagues and their health. I recently read a post by an American veterinarian - Erin Wilkins - who just lost...

16 September 2019

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Upcoming projects

Although summer is still around you can already sense a little hint of fall in the air. This picture is taken at the entrance of our clinic this morning. We still feel highly privileged to be able to work in this magnificent setting.

1 August 2019

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

EOTRH

Equine Odontoclastic Tooth Resorption and Hypercementosis EOTRH is a disorder of the incisors (and possibly the canines) in the older horse.

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Geriatric horse

Senior horses are more susceptible to a number of disorders and undergo (often physiological) changes. They therefore require extra care and management.

Read more keyboard_arrow_right

Diastemata

A diastema (plural diastemata, also often called diastemas or diastases) is a space between 2 teeth. When we speak of diastema in horses we usually mean spaces between the molars of the horse.

Read more keyboard_arrow_right
keyboard_arrow_up

{{ popup_title }}

{{ popup_close_text }}

x